The breeding program called Australis Breeding® is led since 1998 by the University of Chile in association with Andes New Varieties Administration (ANA). Has been the first program that licenced Chilean fruit varieties. In addition, thanks to the participation of exporters / producers engaged in the development of products and in the financing of activities, we built a fluid and effective technology transfer policy to the industry. The program develops three simultaneous areas. The first one develops, evaluates and selects the genetic variability from a dynamic genetic base, enriched year by year. We keep a germ plasm bank that is maintained in Rinconada de Maipú. The second validates new genotypes and apply marker assistant selections for some specific traits (ripening date). In the third area, we do active transfer of information and genetic to companies associated with us following a Participative Breeding model through the joint evaluation of new selections. In this way, it is facilitated the adoption of new technology and the generation of businesses associated with PMG products.
To promote peach and nectarine breeding supported by molecular markers, international cooperation focused on post harvest life and sensory quality traits.
- Generate, from an enriched genetic base, new genotypes of peach / nectarine oriented to meet the requirements of the international fresh fruit market
- Evaluate the technical feasibility of using available molecular markers for MAB in a regular basis
- Establish a Technology Transfer Program that involves the entire production chain, ensuring the rapid adoption of technology.
Australis Breeding® has developed to date four nectarine varieties and one peach, four of them registered in Chile, three in process of protection and two patented in the United States. In Chile, to date, 248 hectares have been planted with varieties of our breeding program. There maintain three locations where selections are currently tested in particular agroecological zones (El Tambo, Paine, Rinconada de Maipú). Two international collaboration agreements have been signed for the exchange of both genetic material and the development of joint research.Our partners are the University of Milan and the Instituto Murciano de R + D Agraria and Alimentario. We maintain a germ plasm bank with more than 100 genotypes. We manage almost 7 hectares devoted to seedling evaluation. On 2017, we have approximately 19 selections of which 10 are in the last stage of evaluation.